Anabolic steroids have been used for many decades. These compounds are mainly used to treat health conditions like muscle wasting diseases, impotence and delayed puberty. Initially, such steroids were found to help in the growth of skeletal muscles in animals. This led to their use by weightlifters and bodybuilders. Later on, even athletes and sports persons started using such steroids for performance enhancement. Most sports bodies have banned use of steroids for performance enhancement. There are many pros and cons of using anabolic steroids.
The steroids improve physical performance due to increase in strength of muscles. The muscle receives more oxygen. There is increase in muscle mass. The person develops more strength and physical ability. It allows users to lose weight and gain lean muscle. It can also be used to gain weight in a healthy way. Individuals using such steroids experience improved athletic ability. It gives them an edge in competitive sports and athletics. The increased lean muscles result in more defined and ripped look. The person has better physical appearance due to lean muscle mass and improved physique. There is faster recovery rate. This is useful for anyone who participates in strenuous physical activity like heavy bodybuilding workouts or long hours of physical labor. There is increased sex drive. Increased aggressiveness and euphoria is noticed. These traits can be an advantage in some types of sports where one sportsperson is pitted against another inside the ring or on the mat.
Anabolic steroids have more cons than the positive effects. The negative effects can range from simple bad breath to serious heart disease. There are increased risks of cardiovascular disease, liver disease, kidney disease, cancer, muscle tears, tendon injuries and nose bleeds. The person may suffer acne, baldness, bad breath, water retention, aching joints, insomnia and decrease in immunity power. A user may suffer from psychosis, depression, mania and mood disturbances. The person who becomes aggressive can injure self or another person. There are specific risks to men and women. Men may see decreased testicular size and growth of breasts. Women may suffer from decreased breast size and uterine atrophy. There are increased risks of osteoporosis, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, enlarged clitoris, deepening and hoarsening of the voice, and an increase in body and facial hair.
It is important to use any type of steroid only after studying both pros and cons of anabolic steroids. Any steroid should be taken only after consulting a qualified doctor. It is important to know the legal issues involved with purchase, possession and selling of steroids.